Style highlights:
-    moire pattern,
-    black and white contrast, in the more late period also other colours,
-    concentric circles,
-    equally important of positive and negative areas,
-    abstract forms,
-    illusion of movement and vibration,
-    the aim of the art was to trick the eye by applying different techniques, making the illusion of motion.

op art

Op art, named also the optical art, emerged alongside Pop Art in the late 50′s twentieth century. Artists were concentrating on the geometric abstractions, that were causing the impression of motion, three-dimensionality. They were using the fallibility of the eye to create irrational, optical illusions, that were making that the viewer had the impression of movement by flashing, distortions. There were applied simple repetitive forms and colours to create the effect of vibration, exaggerated sense of depth and other visual effects. Authors were changing the rules of perspective, which gave the illusion of three-dimensional space, whereas mixing colours was creating the impression of light and shadow. Works of art caused that the viewer had seen colours, shapes, which indeed weren’t applied on the work.

Op art had its breakthrough in 1965, when in New York was organised an exhibition entitled “ Sensitive eye ”. The exhibition gathered 123 works of over 100 artists of different nationalities. As a result of the exhibition, the works of Op Art began to appear in graphics, advertisements, fashion design or interior decorations. Although the op art. Caught an eye of a large public, this style didn’t develop so expansively as Pop art.

Op art artists were using patterns, shapes, forms and colours to create the impression of illusion, not to express emotions. Therefore this art with a few exceptions beyond the geometric figures were presenting people. In op art we can appoint two categories of works: making an impression of movement through appropriate black and white patterns, which in some cases can cause physical illness of the viewer and the works, in which the artists were playing with colours. In op art., artists with extraordinary precision were using mathematics, planning, technical skills in order to create incredible works. This art. is related with for the kinetic art and constructivism. Appropriate combination of colours, contrasts could cause, that the spectator could see the shapes, which in the fact were not actually in a picture or notice 3D effect, being aware that the image is two-dimensional.

Representatives:
Bridget Riley, Victor Vasarely, Richard Anuszkiewicz, François Morellet, Jesús-Rafael Soto, Heinz Mack, Georges Seurat, Philip Taaffe, John McHale, Yaacov Agam, Josef Albers, Richard Allen, Getulio Alviani, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Tony DeLap, Gunter Fruhtrunk,Julio Le Parc, Youri Messen-Jaschin, Reginald H. Neal, Jesus Rafael Soto, Julian Stanczak, Günther Uecker, Ludwig Wilding, and Marian Zazeela.



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