Style highlights:
-    simplicity and harmony in interiors and furniture,
-    open spaces in interiors,
-    avoiding inner walls,
-    the illumination had the significant influence on interiors,
-    using basic geometric shapes – squares, triangles,
-    colour white was dominating,
-    furniture and decorations limited to the minimum,
-    elegant.

minimalizm, style, design history

Minimalism emerged in the 50s of the twentieth century, but it was rapidly growing in the years 60s, 70s. This trend was a reaction to the consumerism of society. As the name itself suggests, designers of this movement were minimizing the use of art means, decoration. Artists were using simplified form, the basic shapes in their projects such as triangles, circles, squares, smooth surfaces, limited number of colours, lines and textures. Works of art from this period, as well as in the Pop-art style, were mostly anonymous. Minimalist interiors were emanating with calm, silence. They were perfect for meditation or contemplation. Besides, they were very sterile and harmonious. It was believed that an excess of objects / ornaments distract, that is why their number was limited. Minimalist artist appealed to primitive forms, creating a simple, modular works of art. Their main motto sounded “the less is the better”. Inspiration was also often drawn from the simplicity of traditional Japanese architecture.

It is simplified art, which in a simple way reached recipients. Minimalism has roots in Modernism, which was aspiring to the greatest simplicity of forms. There were dominating large, free, open spaces with the minimum number of furniture. Empty places were used by purpose, the same as proper applying lightning. Walls were painted mostly in neutral colours, especially white, demonstrating the elegancy, but in the same time was regarded by some critics as extremely cold.
Minimalist furniture had the simplified forms, they were upholstered with fabrics and leathers in neutral colours. Cupboards had wooden surfaces, they were often polished and varnished. The floors were mostly made of concrete, wood, linoleum, tiles or stone. Whereas accessories were using in minimal quantities and made of  stainless steel or chrome. Products and interiors were supposed to present harmony, clean and transparent design.

Carpets made of natural materials, in simple forms were making interiors to become more warm. Minimalism put rather on quality rather than quantity. Objects, insides were supposed to present the harmony and the clean, transparent appearance.

Representatives:
Dan Flavin, Carl Andre, Donald Judd, and Ellsworth, Lugdwig Mies van der Rohe, Buckminster Fuller, Dieter Rams ,Luis Barragan, John Pawson, Eduardo Souto de Mouro, Alvar Siza, Tadao Ando, Alberto Campo Baeza, Yoshi Tanigushi, Peter Zumthor, Richard Gluckman, Michael Gabellini, Claudio Silverstrin, Vincent Van Duysen, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.



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