Style highlights:
-    using broken, shredded forms,
-    multi-layered structures, twisted geometries,
-    rejecting the decoration,
-    multilayered fonts and images imposing different interpretations.

dekonstruktywizm
Deconstructivism began to develop in the 80′s of the twentieth century, being a continuation of post-modern architecture. Designers disturbed the ordinary space and basic characteristics of traditional buildings such as e.g. the body/block/shape of the building and frame construction. Many walls are curved, some waving, others are simply broken. As a result, buildings are characterized by a stimulating unpredictability and controlled chaos. Architects rejected ornamentations, while interesting form was for them some kind of decoration.

In 1988  Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley organised exhibition „Deconstructive Architecture” in New York in Museum of Art Modernisms presenting projects of this style, simultaneously paying attention to the latest fashion trends in architecture. The sensitivity of presented works was different, however one common characteristic linked them, they emanated the fact that the myth of the clean, simple form had been broken. Deconstructivists were often inspired by the formal experimentation and geometrical imbalance of the Russian constructivism, but also other XX movements such as minimalism. The main idea of deconstructionism was to oppose the rational principles of modernism such as “form follows function”, “purity of form” and “truth to materials”, but at the same time isolate from postmodernism establishments like taking the inspiration from historical styles. Deconstructivism, the same as the minimalism, is free from cultural references.

Deconstructivism architecture is characterized by feeling of controlled chaos. There are structures used that give the impression of “drunken walls. ” They are often so extravagant, that despite their impracticality, the high building and exploitation costs, they are becoming an art in itself, attracting many followers.

Geometry was for deconstructivists  the subject of complexity. This complexity of geometry was next applied to functional, structural and spatial aspects of deconstructivist buildings. Designers of the deconstructivism are inspired by radical simplicity of geometrical forms as the basis of artistic work, expressed in graphics, sculpture and architecture. In their projects they were often using rectangular plates and triangular blocks, as well as more basic figures such as square or circles.

Deconstructivism, thanks to applying interesting, innovative forms enjoyed the strong interest, therefore it is natural that up till now in the contemporary architecture is one of dominating trends.

Representatives:
Mayi Lin & Rachel Whiteread, Jacque Derridy, Peter Eisenman, Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelblau, Bernard Tschumi.



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