Style highlights:
- curved lines and organic shapes,
- winding, nongeometrical, rough edges (France, England, Austria, the United States, Spain), geometric forms (Germany),
- asymmetry,
- colours: mostly bright, delicate, such as white or lilac,
- inspiration of Japan culture.

art_noueveau

The movement known in France under the name of Art Nouveau, in other European countries was defined as Sezessionsstil (Austria), Jugendstil (Germany), Stiel Liberty (Italy), Yellow Book Style (England) or Modernismo (Spain). Art Nouveau was a concerted attempt to create an international style based on decoration. The essence of this movement was to strive for the unity of the stylish art, by combining its activities in various areas, particularly arts and crafts, interior design, sculpture and graphics. Representatives rejected the historicity of this trend, straightforwardness forms that were created in Victorian times. Having been inspired by Japan culture, they began to use oriental, simple forms, the white spaces  in their works as well as they started to assimilate new approach in the problem of perspective, free composition, asymmetry and bright colour.

Despite the fact that in different countries differences in Art Nouveau styles were visible, their common characteristic was the aspiration to the novelty and innovation. In contrast to Arts And Crafts, Art Nouveau began to use media technology to mass production. Representatives of this trend, having been fascinated by new technologies, began to use new materials, construction and techniques methods. A decorativeness of produced products and designed interiors was being put on the first place. The ornamentation was dominated by wavy lines, abstract or flora ornaments, free composition arrangements, asymmetry and linearity. There were popular wallpapers with floral motives in the interiors especially such as poppies, water lilies, stalks, sprouts, thistles, peacock’s feathers. Furniture had a high back, shiny edges, were upholstered in flower motives. Inspiration was also drawn from the Japanese art. Delicate, pastel colours were dominating especially such colours as mustard, brown, olive, green, as well as lilac, pink, violet, purple. Ornaments were made of silver, tins, glasses. Moreover, there were being used motives typical for Art Nouveau such as stained glass, which appeared in the windows, doors as well as on lighting.

In various regions dominating motives were different. In France, England, Austria, the United States and Spain were dominating floral, winding motives, twisting edges, whereas in Germany geometric forms were predominant.

Representatives:
Gustav Klimt, Alphonse Mucha, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Aubrey Beardsley, Antonio Gaudí, Hector Guimard, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Emile Galle, Louis Tiffany, Petere Behrens, Josef Hoffmann, Otto Wagner, Joseph Olbricht.



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